Nutritional lipid emulsions modulate cellular signaling and activation of human neutrophils
SourceJournal of Lipid Research, 42, 3, (2001), pp. 428-436
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Lipid Research
SubjectMetabolic aspects of gastrointestinal diseases; Signal Transduction and Ion Transport; Metabole aspecten van maag-, darm- en leveraandoeningen; Signaaltransductie en ionentransport
Although numerous studies suggest that nutritional lipids modulate human immune responses, the mechanism behind this observation remains unclear. On the basis of the hypothesis that lipids might affect cellular signaling we evaluated the effects of various lipid emulsions on two major pathways involved in neutrophil activation: second messenger (Ca(2)+) mobilization and protein kinase C (PKC) activation. Activation by opsonized yeast particles (serum-treated zymosan; STZ) increased cytosolic [Ca(2)+] ([Ca(2)+](i)) in neutrophils, with an initial slow rise that turned into a fast phase until a plateau was reached. The PKC activator 4-alpha-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) markedly increased the initial STZ-induced [Ca(2)+](i) rise. This PMA effect was mimicked by emulsions containing medium-chain triglycerides (MT), but not by long-chain triglycerides (LT) or structured lipids (SL). However, like PMA, all emulsions decreased the STZ-induced [Ca(2)+](i) plateau and all activated purified PKC, suggesting that only MT emulsions activate PKC in the context of the intact cell. MT, like PMA, evoked a leftward shift of the dose-response curve for the STZ-induced [Ca(2)+](i) rise, indicating PKC-dependent sensitization of neutrophils for stimulation by STZ. This study is the first to show that nutritional lipids distinctively modulate cellular signaling and stimulation of neutrophils through effects on calcium mobilization and PKC activation: i) MT emulsions sensitize neutrophils for STZ in a PKC-dependent manner, and ii) MT, LT, and SL emulsions all reduce the stimulatory effect of STZ in a nonspecific manner. -- Wanten, G., S. van Emst-de Vries, T. Naber, and P. Willems. Nutritional lipid emulsions modulate cellular signaling and activation of human neutrophils. J. Lipid Res. 2001. 42: 428--436.
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