Pinacidil-induced opening, like glibenclamide-induced closure of cardiac KATP channels, protects cardiac function against ischemia in isolated, working, erythrocyte perfused rat hearts.
SourceAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 530, (2003), pp. 519-526
Article / Letter to editor
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Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
SubjectUMCN 2.2: Vascular medicine and diabetes
Glibenclamide-induced closure of ATP-dependent potassium (KATP) channels decreases coronary blood flow during normoxic and post-ischemic conditions. We have found that post-ischemic cardiac function is improved after glibenclamide treatment. Our theory was that this is a result of higher intracellular calcium concentrations due to reduction in ischemia-mediated hyperpolarization of the myocardial cell membrane. We hypothesized therefore that opening KATP channels would reduce post-ischemic function in our isolated, erythrocyte perfused, working rat heart model. During treatment with 1 or 12 mumol.L-1 pinacidil (protein unbound concentration) both before and after 12 minutes global ischemia coronary blood flow increased 2-3 fold compared with vehicle, while cardiac functional recovery post-ischemically was improved with both concentrations. Because closing and opening cardiac KATP channels both improve post-ischemic function, our calcium theory above can be discounted. The protective effect of glibenclamide may possibly be ascribed to metabolic effects such as preservation of ATP levels during ischemia.
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