Thioridazine Is an Efflux Pump Inhibitor in Mycobacterium avium Complex but of Limited Clinical Relevance.
until further notice
SourceAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 64, 7, (2020), article e00181-20
Article / Letter to editor
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Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
SubjectRadboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
Treatment of Mycobacterium avium complex pulmonary disease (MAC-PD) is challenging partly due to high efflux pump expression. Thioridazine might block these efflux pumps. We explore the efficacy of thioridazine against M. avium isolates using MICs, time-kill combination assays, ex vivo macrophage infection assays, and efflux assays. Thioridazine is bactericidal against M. avium, inhibits intracellular growth at 2× MIC, and blocks ethidium bromide efflux. However, its toxicity and low plasma concentrations make it unlikely to add efficacy to MAC-PD therapy.
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