Low Quality of Reports on Blood Pressure in Patients Adrenalectomized for Unilateral Primary Aldosteronism
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SourceJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 105, 6, (2020), article dgaa159
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
CONTEXT: Adrenalectomy is the preferred treatment for unilateral primary aldosteronism but the results of long-term control of blood pressure (BP) are far from optimal. One possible explanation relates to the quality of the assessment of treatment effects on BP. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To examine the quality of reporting BP measurements in studies assessing the outcome of adrenalectomy on BP. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review searching 3 databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science) for articles published from January 1, 1990, onwards. Sixty-six studies, each reporting on more than 50 adrenalectomized patients, were eligible for full analysis. RESULTS: In 37 of the analyzed 66 studies (56.1%) BP values both before and after adrenalectomy were reported. In 19.7% (13/66) of the studies the method of BP measurement was described. The number of visits and number of BP recordings per visit on which BP results were based were reported in <15% of papers. The criteria for the diagnosis of hypertension were described in 72.7% (48/66) of the studies. The used definitions of improvement of BP control after adrenalectomy were variable, with 84.8% of the studies not providing any quantitative criteria to define reduction in BP. CONCLUSION: We conclude that the quality of reporting on BP control after adrenalectomy for primary aldosteronism shows substantial deficiencies and inconsistencies, thus impacting negatively on accurate assessment of effects of adrenalectomy on BP control. Future studies should adhere to accepted recommendations of correct BP measurement and should provide detailed description of the methods used for BP measurement.
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