Platelet Integrin αIIbβ3 Activation is Associated with 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations in Healthy Adults.
SourceThrombosis and Haemostasis, 120, 5, (2020), pp. 768-775
Article / Letter to editor
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Thrombosis and Haemostasis
SubjectRadboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 5: Inflammatory diseases RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular events are associated with low circulating vitamin D concentrations, although the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. This study investigated associations between 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations, platelet function, and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes influencing vitamin D biology in the 500 Functional Genomics (500FG) cohort. METHODS: In this observational study, platelet activation and function were measured by flow cytometry by binding of fibrinogen to the activated fibrinogen receptor integrin αIIbβ3 and expression of P-selectin, markers of platelet aggregation and degranulation, respectively. These parameters were correlated to serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and genotyping was performed to investigate SNPs in genes important for vitamin D biology. RESULTS: Circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations correlated inversely with baseline platelet binding of fibrinogen to integrin αIIbβ3 (Pearson's r= -0.172, p = 0.002) and platelet responses to platelet agonist cross-linked collagen-related peptide (CRP-XL) (Pearson's r= -0.196,p = 0.002). This effect was due to circulating vitamin D levels ≤50nmol/L, since no differences in platelet fibrinogen binding were observed between subjects with normal 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations (>75nmol/L) and a 25-hydroxyvitamin D insufficiency (50-75 nmol/L). No correlations between 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations and platelet P-selectin expression were found. Several SNPs in the GC region of the vitamin D binding proteingene were associated with platelet responses to CRP-XL. CONCLUSION: Low circulating vitamin D concentrations are associated with increased platelet fibrinogen binding to integrin αIIbβ3 in unstimulated samples and after stimulation with CRP-XL. These findings may contribute to the increased incidence of cardiovascular events in vitamin D deficient adults and its seasonal variation. Further studies are needed to investigate causality.
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