DC-SCRIPT affects mammary organoids branching morphogenesis by modulating the FGFR1-pERK signaling axis
SourceDevelopmental Biology, 463, 2, (2020), pp. 101-109
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 2: Cancer development and immune defence RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
Loss of expression of the transcription regulator DC-SCRIPT (Zfp366) is a prominent prognostic event in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer patients. Studying the inherent link between breast morphogenesis and tumorigenesis, we recently reported that DC-SCRIPT affects normal mammary branching morphogenesis and mammary epithelium homeostasis. Here we investigated the molecular mechanism involved in DC-SCRIPT mediated regulation of FGF2 induced mammary branching morphogenesis in a 3D organoid culture system. Our data show that the delayed mammary organoid branching observed in DC-SCRIPT(-/-) organoids cannot be compensated for by increasing FGF2 levels. Interestingly, FGFR1, the dominant FGF2 receptor, was expressed at a significantly lower level in basal epithelial cells of DC-SCRIPT deficient organoids relative to wildtype organoids. A potential link between DC-SCRIPT and FGFR1 was further supported by the predicted locations of the DC-SCRIPT DNA binding motif at the Fgfr1 gene. Moreover, ERK1/2 phosphorylation downstream of the FGFR1 pathway was decreased in basal epithelial cells of DC-SCRIPT deficient organoids. Altogether, this study shows a relationship between DC-SCRIPT and FGFR1 related pERK signaling in modulating the branching morphogenesis of mammary organoids in vitro.
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