The cerebral cortex and complex cerebral functions
Cham : Springer
InDonkelaar, H.J. ten (ed.), Clinical neuroanatomy: Brain circuitry and its disorders, pp. 931-952
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Donkelaar, H.J. ten
SW OZ DCC NRP
Donkelaar, H.J. ten (ed.), Clinical neuroanatomy: Brain circuitry and its disorders
SubjectNeuropsychology and rehabilitation psychology; Neuro- en revalidatiepsychologie
The cerebral cortex can be divided into a large isocortex or neocortex, a smaller allocortex (the hippocampal formation and the olfactory cortex) and a transition zone (the mesocortex) in between. The heterogeneous allocortex and the mesocortex have been discussed in > Chap. 14. The various parts of the neocortex show large variations in the development of their constituent layers. The cortical areas that receive the primary sensory pathways via the thalamus form the granular cortex, in which layers II and IV are especially well developed. In the motor cortex, these layers are poorly developed (the agranular cortex), whereas the pyramidal layers III and V are well developed. Based on such differences in cytoarchitecture, Brodmann, von Economo and Koskinas and Sarkissov et al. published their brain maps (> Sect. 15.2). Myeloarchitectonic maps were prepared by the Vogts and more recently by Nieuwenhuys et al. Nowadays, atlases combine data describing multiple aspects of brain structure from different subjects. The various cortical lobes are discussed in > Sect. 15.3.
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