Patients with head and neck cancer: Are they frailer than patients with other solid malignancies?
SourceEuropean Journal of Cancer Care, 29, 1, (2020), article e13170
Article / Letter to editor
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European Journal of Cancer Care
SubjectRadboudumc 9: Rare cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare frailty status between patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) and other solid malignancies. METHODS: Data collection was prospective, and the following were compared between cohorts at baseline: patient and tumour characteristics, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), Groningen Frailty Indicator (GFI), Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Activities of Daily Living (ADLs), Instrumental ADLs (IADLs), Timed Up and Go (TUG) and Quality of Life (QoL). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed, and odds ratios (ORs) with their 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were estimated. RESULTS: In total, 242 patients with HNC and 180 with other oncology diagnoses were enrolled, of whom 32.6% and 21.8% were frail according to the GFI respectively. Comorbidity scores were not significantly different between the cohorts (7.4% vs. 13.1%; OR 0.54; 95% CI 0.28-1.02). In the univariate analysis, the GFI was significantly worse in the HNC cohort (OR 1.74; 95% CI 1.11-2.71). However, in the multivariate analysis, the MMSE, TUG and global QoL were significantly worse in the HNC cohort, with ORs of 20.03 (95% CI 2.44-164.31), 11.56 (95% CI 1.86-71.68) and 0.98 (95% CI 0.97-1.00) respectively. CONCLUSION: Patients with HNC appear to be frailer than patients with other solid malignancies despite comparable levels of comorbidity.
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