Improving the barrier function of damaged cultured urothelium using chondroitin sulfate
SourceNeurourology and Urodynamics, 39, 2, (2020), pp. 558-564
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
Neurourology and Urodynamics
SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 15: Urological cancers RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
AIMS: To determine whether glycosaminoglycan (GAG) replenishment is able to improve recovery of a deficient urothelial barrier, chondroitin sulfate (CS) instillations were tested using an in vitro model. Porcine urothelial cells (Ucells) were terminally differentiated in culture conditions to construct a urothelial layer with a functional barrier. This layer was damaged to compromise barrier function to simulate a key characteristic of bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis. The functional effect of subsequent treatment with CS was evaluated. METHODS: Primary porcine Ucells were isolated and cultured on inserts. Differentiation of cells was evaluated with immunohistochemical analysis for the presence of umbrella cells, tight junctions and CS. Transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) measurements were performed to evaluate barrier function. Protamine was used to simulate mild urothelial damage. CS 0.2% (vol/vol), a GAG, was subsequently instilled in the treatment group. The recovery of barrier function was further evaluated with TEER measurements. The Student t test was used for the analysis of results. RESULTS: After induction of differentiation, the Ucells expressed barrier markers and a functional barrier was established (measured by high TEER). TEER decreased significantly after instillation with protamine. CS instillation improved recovery of TEER significantly measured after 7 hours (84% vs 22% in controls). After 24 hours; however, the TEER was comparable in both experimental groups. CONCLUSION: CS instillation improves the recovery of the urothelial barrier after damage in vitro. This functional experiment shows that CS improves recovery of damaged urothelial function, which supports the hypothesis behind the mechanism of action of GAG-replenishment therapy.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.