Etnocentrisme in Nederland: Theoretische bijdragen empirisch getoetst
SourceSociologische Gids, 36, 1, (1989), pp. 31-47
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ RSCR SOC
SW OZ NISCO MT
SubjectNijmegen Institute for Social and Cultural Research
Research on negative attitudes toward outgroups generally ignores the related positive attitude toward the ingroup. W. G. Sumner's Folkways (Boston: Ginn, 1906) referred to the presence of both related attitudes as ethnocentrism. Here, analysis of 1985 questionnaire data from a representative sample of Dutch citizens (N = 1,799) including Turkish, Moroccan, & Surinamese minorities reveals the existence of ethnocentric ideology in the Netherlands. Both negative stereotypes about outgroups & positive stereotypes about the ingroup (including nationalist feelings) were found. It is argued that ethnocentrism results from two simultaneous operative mechanisms: social identification & social contra-identification. Social & cultural characteristics of ethnocentrism are explored typologically.
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