A cross-country comparison of gender traditionalism in business leadership: How supportive are female supervisors?
Number of pages
SourceWork, Employment and Society, 35, 4, (2021), pp. 793-814
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ RSCR SOC
SW OZ RSCR CAOS
Work, Employment and Society
SubjectAnthropology and Development Studies; Inequality Cohesion Rationalization; Radboud Gender & Diversity Studies; Ongelijkheid Cohesie Rationalisatie
This study investigates whether female supervisors hold less traditional attitudes towards gender in business leadership than male supervisors and non-supervisors, and whether these attitudinal differences vary between countries. It uses the sociological notions of self-interest and exposure and a multilevel approach to advance and expand the investigation of gender attitudes in the domain of business leadership. Two recent waves of the World Values Survey (2005/2009; 2010/2014) for 22 OECD countries were analysed with multilevel logistic regression. Findings indicated less gender traditionalism among female supervisors and among people living in countries with a larger share of women in managerial positions and a less traditional normative climate towards working women. No such attitudinal differences between individuals were found when comparing countries with and without a national legislative gender quota policy. Finally, men's attitudes towards gender traditionalism in business leadership appeared to be more susceptible to the country context than those of women.
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