Democratic disillusionment? Desire for democracy after the Arab uprisings
Number of pages
SourceInternational Political Science Review, 41, 4, (2020), pp. 522-537
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ RSCR SOC
International Political Science Review
SubjectInequality Cohesion Rationalization; Ongelijkheid Cohesie Rationalisatie
Have the Arab uprisings influenced the desire for democracy in the Middle East and North Africa? This study presents a systematic explanation of the different impact the uprisings had on people's desire for democracy across the region. It applies the relatively new consequence-based theory of democratic attitudes, and integrates the notion of deprivation into it. The expectations derived from this framework are tested empirically by examining data from 45 public opinion surveys in 11 Middle East and North Africa countries (2001-2014) and combining them with a systematic country-level case comparison. The study shows that the desire for democracy drops mainly in countries of major protest and initial political liberalization, but no substantial democratization (e.g. Egypt, Morocco) indeed, and that a lack of major protest or initial reform (e.g. Algeria, Yemen) 'prevents' disillusionment. The seemingly exceptional Lebanese and Tunisian cases also show the mechanism holds for specific groups in society: Lebanese Sunnis and the poorest Tunisians.
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