Pitch Range Data for Native and Non-Native Plain and Lombard Speech
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Key wordsLombard speech; Native speakers; Non-native speakers; English; Dutch; Pitch range
"Lombard speech, speech produced in noise, is acoustically different from speech produced in quiet (plain speech) in several ways, including having a higher and wider F0 range (pitch). Extensive research on native Lombard speech does not consider that non-natives experience a higher cognitive load while producing speech and that the native language may influence the non-native speech. We investigated pitch range in plain and Lombard speech in native and non-natives. Dutch and American-English speakers read contrastive question-answer pairs in quiet and in noise in English, while the Dutch also read Dutch sentence pairs. We found that Lombard speech is characterized by a wider pitch range than plain speech, for all speakers (native English, non-native English, and native Dutch). This shows that non-natives also widen their pitch range in Lombard speech. In sentences with early-focus, we see the same increase in pitch range when going from plain to Lombard speech in native and non-native English, but a smaller increase in native Dutch. In sentences with late-focus, we see the biggest increase for the native English, followed by non-native English and then native Dutch. Together these results indicate an effect of the native language on non-native Lombard speech." - Taken from the abstract of "Differences between Native and Non-Native Lombard Speech in Terms of Pitch Range" for details on how the data was collected.