Electrocortical indices of subjectively perceived confidence in episodic memory
SourceInternational Journal of Psychophysiology, 151, (2020), pp. 18-24
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC NRP
SW OZ DCC CO
International Journal of Psychophysiology
SubjectAction, intention, and motor control; All institutes and research themes of the Radboud University Medical Center; Neuropsychology and rehabilitation psychology; Radboudumc 1: Alzheimer`s disease DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience; Neuro- en revalidatiepsychologie
Electrophysiological studies on recognition memory have identified several brain signals that are associated with subjective perceived confidence. However, the extent these brain signals reflect a generic process and are independent of the type of information recognized remains an open question. To address this issue, twenty-seven healthy volunteers performed an episodic memory task while their electro-encephalogram (EEG) was recorded. Participants encoded a set of abstract pictures, and subsequently rated their confidence on recognition decisions. Similar to results reported in previous studies using concrete words, we found retrieval-related theta power, FN400 and late positive component (LPC) effects. In contrast to previous studies using verbal material, a subsequent memory effect for encoding-related parietal evoked theta power, sensitive to subjectively perceived memory confidence, was observed. Our findings suggest that memorizing abstract pictures instead of concrete verbal material influences subsequent memory effects, yet does not affect the FN400, LPC and theta power during retrieval.
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