Recombinant human antibodies specific for the Pfs48/45 protein of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum.
until further notice
SourceJournal of Biological Chemistry, 276, 23, (2001), pp. 19807-19811
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Biological Chemistry
SubjectMalaria: parasite-host interaction; Malaria: gastheer-parasiet interactie
We report the first construction of two combinatorial human phage display libraries derived from malaria-immune patients. Specific single-chain Fv fragments (scFv) against Pfs48/45, a gamete surface protein of the sexual stages of Plasmodium falciparum, were selected and analyzed extensively. The selected scFv reacted with the surface of extracellular sexual forms of the parasite and showed Pfs48/45 reactivity on immunoblot. The scFv inhibit binding of human malaria sera to native Pfs48/45 from gametocytes. Moreover, the scFv bind to target epitopes of Pfs48/45 exposed in natural infections. Sequence analysis of eight scFv clones specific for epitope III of Pfs48/45 revealed that these clones could be divided into one V(H) family-derived germ-line gene (V(H)1) and two V(L) family segments (V(L)2 and V(K)I).
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