Living on other people's land; impacts of farm conversions to game farming on farm dwellers' abilities to access land in the Eastern Cape, South Africa
Number of pages
SourceSociety & Natural Resources, 33, 2, (2020), pp. 280-299
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ RSCR CAOS
Society & Natural Resources
SubjectAnthropology and Development Studies
This contribution analyses the impacts of conversions of commercial - mainly white-owned - farms to wildlife-based production on access to land for farm workers and dwellers in South Africa. They depended on informal arrangements with landowners for access, hence the notions of 'abilities to access' and 'bundles of power' are more appropriate concepts to analyze their access than bundles of rights. In post-apartheid South Africa, the state attempted to formalize farm dwellers' land rights, but simultaneously deregulated the agricultural sector, which stimulated land concentration and land investments, and changed social relations on commercial farms. These contradictory interventions impact negatively on farm dwellers' abilities to access to land on commercial farms. The paper furthermore demonstrates that conversions to wildlife-based production constitute one response by landowners to the changes in the agricultural sector, but also play a role in struggles about identity and belonging in post-apartheid South Africa.
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