Plasma levels of the cardiovascular protective endogenous nucleoside adenosine are reduced in patients with primary aldosteronism without affecting ischaemia-reperfusion injury: A prospective case-control study.
SourceEuropean Journal of Clinical Investigation, 49, 12, (2019), pp. e13180
01 december 2019
Article / Letter to editor
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European Journal of Clinical Investigation
SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: Patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) experience more cardiovascular events compared to patients with essential hypertension (EHT), independent from blood pressure levels. In animals, mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists limit ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury by increasing extracellular adenosine formation and adenosine receptor stimulation. Adenosine is an endogenous compound with profound cardiovascular protective effects. Firstly, we hypothesized that patients with PA have lower circulating adenosine levels which might contribute to the observed increased cardiovascular risk. Secondly, we hypothesized that by this mechanism, patients with PA are more susceptible to IR compared to patients with EHT. DESIGN: In our prospective study in 20 patients with PA and 20 patients with EHT, circulating adenosine was measured using a pharmacological blocker solution that halts adenosine metabolism after blood drawing. Brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) before and after forearm IR was used as a well-established method to study IR injury. RESULTS: Patients with PA had a 33% lower adenosine level compared to patients with EHT (15.3 [13.3-20.4] vs 22.7 [19.4-36.8] nmol/L, respectively, P < .01). The reduction in FMD after IR, however, did not differ between patients with PA and patients with EHT (-1.0 +/- 2.9% vs -1.6 +/- 1.6%, respectively, P = .52). CONCLUSIONS: As adenosine receptor stimulation induces various powerful protective cardiovascular effects, its lower concentration in patients with PA might be an important novel mechanism that contributes to their increased cardiovascular risk. We suggest that modulation of the adenosine metabolism is an exciting novel pharmacological opportunity to limit cardiovascular risk in patients with PA that needs further exploration.
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