The dynamics of lexical activation and competition in bilinguals' first versus second language
Canberra, Australia : Australasian Speech Science and Technology Association Inc.
InCalhoun, S.; Escudero, P.; Tabain, M. (ed.), Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS 2019), pp. 1342-1346
19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS 2019) (Melbourne, Australia, 5-9 Augustus 2019)
Article in monograph or in proceedings
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Calhoun, S.; Escudero, P.; Tabain, M. (ed.), Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS 2019)
Speech input causes listeners to activate multiple candidate words which then compete with one another. These include onset competitors, that share a beginning (bumper, butter), but also, counterintuitively, rhyme competitors, sharing an ending (bumper, jumper). In L1, competition is typically stronger for onset than for rhyme. In L2, onset competition has been attested but rhyme competition has heretofore remained largely unexamined. We assessed L1 (Dutch) and L2 (English) word recognition by the same late-bilingual individuals. In each language, eye gaze was recorded as listeners heard sentences and viewed sets of drawings: three unrelated, one depicting an onset or rhyme competitor of a word in the input. Activation patterns revealed substantial onset competition but no significant rhyme competition in either L1 or L2. Rhyme competition may thus be a "luxury" feature of maximally efficient listening, to be abandoned when resources are scarcer, as in listening by late bilinguals, in either language.
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