Estimating multiple classification latent class models
SourcePsychometrika, 64, 2, (1999), pp. 187-212
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC SMN
This paper presents a new class of models for persons-by-items data. The essential new feature of this class is the representation of the persons: every person is represented by its membership to multiple latent classes, each of which belongs to one latent classification. The models can be considered as a formalization of the hypothesis that the responses come about in a process that involves the application of a number of mental operations. Two algorithms for maximum likelihood (ML) and maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimation are described. They both make use of the tractability of the complete data likelihood to maximize the observed data likelihood. Properties of the MAP estimators (i.c., uniqueness and goodness-of-recovery) and the existence of asymptotic standard errors were examined in a simulation study. Then, one of these models is applied to the responses to a set of fraction addition problems. Finally, the models are compared to some related models in the literature.
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