"What a match!": The specific role of resources in the relation between demands and vigor in elite sport
Number of pages
SourceApplied Psychology, 69, 1, (2020), pp. 120-147
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
SW OZ BSI AO
SubjectWork, Health and Performance
The triple-match principle, as outlined by the Demand-Induced Strain Compensation (DISC) Model, states that resources are most effective when they match particular demands. The present study investigates the role of match in elite sport with regard to the relation between sport-related demands, sport-related resources, and vigor (i.e., physical strength, cognitive liveliness, and emotional energy). We hypothesized that moderating effects of resources on the relation between demands and vigor are most likely when there is a triple-match between demands, resources and vigor, followed by double-match and non-match. A cross-sectional survey study was conducted among 118 semi-professional and professional athletes (70 females, 48 males, Mage = 24.7, SD = 6.5). Physical resources moderated (i.e., strengthened) the positive relation between physical demands and physical strength, whereas emotional resources moderated (i.e., buffered) the negative relation between emotional demands and emotional energy. Moderating effects of sport-related resources on the relation between sport-related demands and vigor occurred more often when there was a triple-match compared to when there was less match or no match at all. These findings indicate that, also in the domain of elite sport, resources do not randomly moderate the relation between demands and well-being. Implications and limitations of the study are discussed.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.