Coronary artery calcification in middle-aged women with premature ovarian insufficiency
SourceClinical Endocrinology, 91, 2, (2019), pp. 314-322
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
OBJECTIVE: Women with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) enter menopause before age 40. Early menopause was associated with increased risk for coronary artery disease (CAD), death from cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. We compared the prevalence of CAD between middle-aged women on average 10 years following the initial POI diagnosis, with a population-based cohort. DESIGN: Cross-sectional case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: Women from two Dutch University Medical Centers above 45 years of age previously diagnosed with POI (n = 98) were selected and compared with age- and race-matched controls from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome was detectable coronary artery calcium (CAC) determined by coronary computed tomography (CCT). RESULTS: Women with POI had significantly higher blood pressure, cholesterol and glucose, despite lower BMI compared to controls. Similar proportions of detectable CAC (CAC score >0 Agatston Units) were observed in women with POI and controls (POI n = 16 (16%), controls n = 52 (18%), P = 0.40 and Padj = 0.93). In women with POI separately, we were not able to identify associations between CVD risk factors and CAC. The following CVD risk factors in controls were positively associated with CAC: age, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and LDL cholesterol. HRT use was negatively associated with CAC in controls. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of CAC did not differ significantly in women with POI around 50 years of age, compared to an age- and race-matched control group. We observe no increased calcified coronary disease in POI patients, despite the presence of unfavourable cardiovascular risk factors in these women.
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