High density EEG measurment
Date of Archiving2019
Radboud Data Repository
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SW OZ DCC AI
Key wordsEEG; Electrode montage; Layout optimization; BCI; Visual evoked potentials
Objective: Brain Computer Interfaces (BCIs) are slowly making their appearance on the consumer market, accompanied by a higher popularity among the general public. This new group of users requires easy-to-use headsets with robustness to non-precise placement. In this paper, an optimized fixed montage EEG headset for VEP BCIs is proposed. Approach: The proposed layout covers only the most relevant area with large sensors to account for slight misplacement. To obtain large sensors, without having them physically available, we tie multiple sensors together and simulate the effect by averaging the signal of multiple sensors. Main results: In simulations based on recorded 256-channel EEG data, it is shown that a circular center-surround configuration with sensor tying, leading to only 8 channels covering a large part of the occipital lobe, can provide high performance and good robustness to misplacement. Automatically optimized layouts were unable to achieve better performance, demonstrating the utility of this manual design. Finally, the performance and benefits of sensor tying in the manual design are then validated in a physical experiment. Significance: The resulting proposed layout fulfills most requirements of an easy to use consumer EEG headset.