Patterns of success: First-year student success in multiple domains
Number of pages
SourceStudies in Higher Education, 44, 11, (2019), pp. 2081-2095
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI OLO
Radboud Docenten Academie
SW OZ BSI ON
Studies in Higher Education
SubjectCultivating Creativity in Education; Learning and Plasticity; Social Development
The goal of this study was to examine differences in university success between first-year students by analyzing three domains simultaneously: students' academic achievement, critical thinking disposition, and social–emotional adjustment to university life. Participants were 307 students who completed an online questionnaire. Latent class cluster analysis revealed three patterns of success: (1) average-achieving well-adjusted students (64%), (2) high-achieving average-adjusted students (14%), and (3) low-achieving low-adjusted students (22%). Follow-up ANCOVAs indicated that low-achieving low-adjusted students most strongly experienced that their social life hindered their study, whereas average-achieving high-adjusted students experienced the least interference from their study on their social life. These results indicated that student success is a multi-domain concept, with subgroups of first-year students showing specific patterns of success. The results of this study help to understand the feasibility of and tensions between domains of student success and provide suggestions for universities to adjust their support to specific student needs.
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