Single nucleotide polymorphism rs13079080 is associated with differential regulation of the succinate receptor 1 (SUCNR1) gene by miRNA-4470.
SourceRNA Biology, 16, 11, (2019), pp. 1547-1554
01 november 2019
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 11: Renal disorders RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 12: Sensory disorders DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
Oxidative stress is a feature of many common diseases. It leads to excessive formation and subsequent release of the mitochondrial metabolite succinate, which acts as a signalling molecule through binding the succinate receptor (SUCNR1). Recently, a potential role for SUCNR1 was proposed in age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a common cause of vision loss in the elderly associated with increased oxidative stress. Here, we evaluated the potential effect of genetic variants in SUCNR1 on its expression through differential micro-RNA (miRNA) binding to target mRNA, and investigated the relevance of altered SUCNR1 expression in AMD pathogenesis. We analysed common SUCNR1 SNPs for potential miRNA binding sites and identified rs13079080, located in the 3'-UTR and binding site for miRNA-4470. Both miRNA-4470 and SUCNR1 were found to be expressed in human retina. Moreover, using a luciferase reporter assay, a 60% decrease in activity was observed when miRNA-4470 was co-expressed with the C allele compared to the T allele of rs13079080. Finally, genotyping rs13079080 in an AMD case-control cohort revealed a protective effect of the TT genotype on AMD compared to the CC genotype (p = 0.007, odds ratio = 0.66). However, the association was not confirmed in the case-control study of the International AMD Genomics Consortium. Our study demonstrates that the T allele of rs13079080 in SUCNR1 disrupts a binding site for miRNA-4470, potentially increasing SUCNR1 expression and consequently increasing the capacity of sensing and dealing with oxidative stress. Therefore, it would be worthwhile assessing the relevance of rs13079080 in other oxidative stress-associated diseases in future studies.
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