The allocation of resources in the care for patients with panic disorder in Germany: an excess cost analysis informing policy and science
SourceCost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation, 17, (2019), pp. 9
Article / Letter to editor
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Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation
SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
Background: Panic disorder is a mental disorder of high prevalence, which frequently co-occurs with agoraphobia. There is a lack of studies measuring excess costs of panic disorder patients with and without agoraphobia. We compared costs of panic disorder patients with or without agoraphobia with costs of the anxiety-free population in Germany. Methods: Primary data from a cluster-randomized trial of adults suffering from panic disorder (n = 419) and from a representative survey of the German general population (N = 5005) were collected between 2012 and 2014. Missing data from the cluster-randomized trial were first imputed by multiple imputation using chained equations and subsequently balanced with the data from the survey by Entropy Balancing. The societal perspective was chosen. Excess costs were calculated by generalized linear models and two-part-models. Results: Entropy Balancing led to an exact match between the groups. We found 6-month total excess costs of 3220euro (95% CI 1917euro-4522euro) for panic disorder patients without agoraphobia and of 3943euro (95% CI 2950euro-4936euro) for patient with agoraphobia. Panic disorder patients with or without agoraphobia had significantly higher costs for psychotherapy, general practitioners, general hospital stays and informal care Indirect costs accounted for approximately 60% of the total excess costs. Conclusions: Panic disorder with or without agoraphobia is associated with significant excess costs. Agoraphobia changes the pattern of resource utilization. Especially indirect costs are relevant. Agoraphobia influences resource utilization in the inpatient sector.Trial registration ISRCTN64669297.
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