To go or not to go? On motivational biases in decision making
[S.l. : s.n.]
Donders Series ; 359
Number of pages
Radboud University, 29 maart 2019
Promotores : Cools, R., Frank, M.J. Co-promotor : Ouden, H.E.M. den
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PI Group Motivational & Cognitive Control
SubjectDonders Center for Medical Neuroscience; Radboudumc 13: Stress-related disorders; Radboudumc 13: Stress-related disorders DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
When asking 'What makes us humans unique?' people often think of qualities like the ability to reason and to make well considered choices. Yet, in reality we do not compute all our choices like computers. That would not work! Therefore we often rely on simple heuristics that are not completely rational. New research from Jennifer Swart shows that even learning from experience can be susceptible to such heuristics. Some actions are easier learned that others, because they are more in line with your view of how the world works. It is easier to learn to take action for example than to learn to hold back when you know your behaviour leads to pleasant outcomes. These irrational learning processes appear to rely on the same primitive brain regions as the simple heuristics. More developed brain regions can help to deviate from the irrational behaviour when necessary.
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