Twente Spine Model: A thorough investigation of the spinal loads in a complete and coherent musculoskeletal model of the human spine
SourceMedical Engineering & Physics, 68, (2019), pp. 35-45
Article / Letter to editor
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Medical Engineering & Physics
SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
Although in vivospinal loads have been previously measured, existing data are limited to certain lumbar and thoracic levels. A detailed investigation of spinal loads would assist with injury prevention and implant design but is unavailable. In this study, we developed a complete and coherent musculoskeletal model of the entire human spine and studied the intervertebral disc compression forces for physiological movements on three anatomical planes. This model incorporates the individual vertebrae at the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar regions, a flexible ribcage, and complete muscle anatomy. Intradiscal pressures were estimated from predicted compressive forces, and these were generally in close agreement with previously measured data. We found that compressive forces at the trunk discs increased during trunk lateral bending and axial rotation of the trunk. During flexion, compressive forces increased in the thoracolumbar and lumbar regions and slightly decreased at the middle thoracic discs. In extension, the forces generally decreased at the thoracolumbar and lumbar discs whereas they slightly increased at the upper and middle thoracic discs. Furthermore, similar to a previous biomechanical model of the cervical spine, our model predicted increased compression forces in neck flexion, lateral bending, and axial rotation, and decreased forces in neck extension.
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