Is the Metronome-Paced Tachypnea Test (MPT) Ready for Clinical Use? Accuracy of the MPT in a Prospective and Clinical Study
SourceRespiration, 97, 6, (2019), pp. 569-575
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 18: Healthcare improvement science RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: A simple technique to measure dynamic hyperinflation (DH) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the metronome-paced tachypnea test (MPT). Earlier studies show conflicting results about the accuracy of the MPT compared to cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). OBJECTIVES: The focus was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of MPT to detect DH in a prospective and clinical study. METHODS: COPD patients were included; all underwent spirometry, CPET, and MPT. DH (DeltaIC) was calculated as the difference in % between inspiratory capacity (IC) at the start and end of the test divided by IC at the start. A subject was identified as a hyperinflator, if DeltaIC (% of ICrest) was smaller than -10.2 and -11.1% in CPET and MPT, respectively. With these values, sensitivity and specificity were calculated. Bland-Altman plots were made of DeltaIC (% of ICrest). RESULTS: In the prospective and clinical study, 107 and 48 patients were included, respectively. Sensitivity of the MPT was 85% in both studies. The specificities were 33 and 27%, respectively. In the prospective study, B = +2.6%, L = 30.6, and -25.6%. In the clinical study, B = +0.8%, L = 31.0, and -29.1%. CONCLUSION: MPT seems to be a good replacement for CPET in group studies. The mean amount of DH was not different between CPET and MPT. On an individual level, MPT cannot be used to identify hyperinflators; it should be kept in mind that MPT overdiagnoses DH. The amount of DH should not be interchanged between CPET and MPT.
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