Immunotherapy with ponezumab for probable cerebral amyloid angiopathy
SourceAnnals of Clinical and Translational Neurology, 6, 4, (2019), pp. 795-806
Article / Letter to editor
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Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
SubjectRadboudumc 3: Disorders of movement DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
Objective: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is caused by cerebrovascular deposition of beta-amyloid fragments leading to cerebrovascular dysfunction and other brain injuries. This phase 2, randomized, double-blind trial in patients with probable CAA assessed the efficacy and safety of ponezumab, a novel monoclonal antibody against Abeta 1-40. Methods: Thirty-six participants aged 55-80 years with probable CAA received intravenous placebo (n = 12) or ponezumab (n = 24). The change from baseline to Days 2 and 90 in cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) was measured in the visual cortex as the natural log of the rising slope of the BOLD fMRI response to a visual stimulus. Safety and tolerability were also assessed. Results: The mean change from baseline to Day 90 was 0.817 (ponezumab) and 0.958 (placebo): a mean ratio of 0.852 (90% CI 0.735-0.989) representing a trend towards reduced CVR in the ponezumab group. This trend was not present at Day 2. There was one asymptomatic occurrence of amyloid-related imaging abnormality-edema in the ponezumab group. The total number of new cerebral microbleeds from baseline to day 90 did not differ between groups. The ponezumab group had a participant with nonfatal new cerebral hemorrhage with aphasia and a participant with subdural hemorrhage that site investigators deemed to be nondrug related. In the placebo group one participant had a fatal intracerebral hemorrhage and one participant had migraine with aura. Interpretation: Ponezumab was safe and well-tolerated. The ponezumab group showed a trend towards treatment effect at Day 90 that was opposite to the hypothesized direction. The prespecified efficacy criteria were thus not met.
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