Geschlechtsunterschiede bei der Akupunkturbehandlung von Patienten mit Depressionen [Gender differences in the acupuncture treatment of patients with depression]
Number of pages
SourceDeutsche Zeitschrift für Akupunktur, 62, 3, (2019), pp. 160-165
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC NRP
Deutsche Zeitschrift für Akupunktur
SubjectNeuropsychology and rehabilitation psychology; Neuro- en revalidatiepsychologie
Background: Depression is a mental disorder and is characterized by a low, depressive mood. The disorder is more frequent in women than in men. In most cases, medication or psychotherapy are used for treatment, but nowadays acupuncture is also increasingly used as an add-on treatment. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether gender differences exist in the acupuncture treatment of patients with depression. Materials and methods: Thirty patients with depression, 20 females and 10 males, were recruited from a German psychiatric clinic. A pragmatic clinical trial design was used in which the patients were randomly divided into an acupuncture-treatment or a waiting-list group. The clinical intervention consisted of twelve weeks of individualized acupuncture treatment. All patients were tested three times on a mood self-rating scale (Becks Depression Inventory-II, BDI-II) at the beginning of the study, after the acupuncture-treatment/waiting-list condition, and at follow-up. In addition, all acupuncture points that were used in the treatments were analyzed. Results: Males received more needles and more points were used. The traditional Chinese medicine diagnostics showed that females have more emptiness and deficiency and males show more full patterns with heat. Acupuncture improved the score of the patients on the BDI-II and this improvement remained stable after finishing the treatment. Conclusions: In future acupuncture treatment of patients with depression, gender differences should be taken more into account. Moreover, the present results should be replicated.
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