Prevalence of dyspepsia in patients with cholecystolithiasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
SourceEuropean Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 31, 8, (2019), pp. 928-934
Article / Letter to editor
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European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
SubjectRadboudumc 11: Renal disorders RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 14: Tumours of the digestive tract RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
Cholecystolithiasis and functional gastrointestinal disorders are both highly prevalent in the industrialized world and may exist concomitantly. The presence of both conditions impedes identification of the source of symptoms, leading to a risk of ineffective cholecystectomies with lack of symptom resolution. We carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the prevalence of dyspepsia in patients with uncomplicated cholecystolithiasis. The electronic databases Medline, Embase, and Web of Science were searched for articles reporting the prevalence of dyspepsia in adults (>/=18 years) with uncomplicated cholecystolithiasis. Pooled prevalence and 95% confidence interval were calculated. I statistics were used to determine heterogeneity and the Methodological Evaluation of Observational Research criteria were applied for quality assessment. The study was reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. Of the 1696 studies evaluated, 13 reported the prevalence of dyspepsia in a total of 1227 cholecystolithiasis patients seeking medical care. The pooled prevalence of dyspepsia in patients with cholecystolithiasis was 65.7% (95% confidence interval: 51-79%). However, heterogeneity was large across studies. Overall, three studies used validated diagnostic criteria. Variation in diagnostic measures significantly influenced the prevalence of dyspepsia. In conclusion, symptoms similar to those of functional gastrointestinal disorders are common in patients with cholecystolithiasis, obscuring the source of abdominal complaints. Tools to select patients who will benefit from cholecystectomy are paramount to prevent ineffective surgery.
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