Cytokine responses to repeated, prolonged walking in lean versus overweight/obese individuals.
Number of pages
SourceJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 22, 2, (2019), pp. 196-200
01 februari 2019
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 6: Metabolic Disorders RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is characterized by a pro-inflammatory state, which plays a role in the pathogenesis of metabolic and cardiovascular disease. An exercise bout causes a transient increase in pro-inflammatory cytokines, whilst training has anti-inflammatory effects. No previous study examined whether the exercise-induced increase in pro-inflammatory cytokines is altered with repeated prolonged exercise bouts and whether this response differs between lean and overweight/obese individuals. DESIGN: Lean (n=25, BMI 22.9+/-1.5kg/m(2)) and age-/sex-matched overweight/obese (n=25; BMI 27.9+/-2.4kg/m(2)) individuals performed walking exercise for 30, 40 or 50km per day on four consecutive days (distances similar between groups). METHODS: Circulating cytokines (IL-6, IL-10, TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and IL-8) were examined at baseline and <30min after the finish of each exercise day. RESULTS: At baseline, no differences in circulating cytokines were present between groups. In response to prolonged exercise, all cytokines increased on day 1 (IL-1beta: P=0.02; other cytokines: P<0.001). IL-6 remained significantly elevated during the 4 exercise days, when compared to baseline. IL-10, TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and IL-8 returned to baseline values from exercise day 2 (IL-10, IL-1beta, IL-8) or exercise day 3 (TNF-alpha) onward. No significant differences were found between groups for all cytokines, except IL-8 (Time*Group Interaction P=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest the presence of early adaptive mechanisms in response to repeated prolonged walking, demonstrated by attenuated exercise-induced elevations in cytokines on consecutive days that occur similar in lean and overweight/obese individuals.
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