Is a single day patient friendly methyl aminolevulinate photodynamic therapy illumination scheme for superficial basal cell carcinoma feasible? A randomized multicenter pilot trial
SourceJournal of Dermatological Treatment, 30, 2, (2019), pp. 194-199
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Dermatological Treatment
SubjectRadboudumc 2: Cancer development and immune defence RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 2: Cancer development and immune defence RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
BACKGROUND: Topical methyl aminolevulinate photodynamic therapy (MAL-PDT) is highly effective for the treatment of superficial basal cell carcinoma (sBCC). Current European treatment protocol requires two hospital visits, which is costly and unpractical. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of fractionated MAL-PDT, using two light fractions at 3 and 4 h compared to illumination at 3 and 5 h after MAL-application. METHODS: Thirty patients were randomized into two groups. The first group received illumination at 3 and 4 h (20 + 55 J/cm(2)) after MAL-application (3/4 group). In the other group, two light fractions were performed at 3 and 5 h (20 + 55 J/cm(2)) after MAL-application (3/5 group). The lesion response was evaluated at 3 and 12 months posttreatment. RESULTS: In the 3/5 group, 70.0% showed a complete response (CR) at 3 months compared to 63.6% in the other group. At 12 months, 100% showed a CR in the 3/5 group compared to 80.0% in the other group. However, most failures/recurrences were eventually due to the presence of a more aggressive BCC subtype, mostly caused by sampling error of the primary punch biopsy. CONCLUSION: Single day protocol for MAL-PDT for sBCC is feasible and this study shows promising results.
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