Re-admission patterns in England and the Netherlands: a comparison based on administrative data of all hospitals
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SourceEuropean Journal of Public Health, 29, 2, (2019), pp. 202-207
Article / Letter to editor
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European Journal of Public Health
SubjectRadboudumc 18: Healthcare improvement science RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: Examining variation in patterns of re-admissions between countries can be valuable for mutual learning in order to reduce unnecessary re-admissions. The aim of this study was to compare re-admission rates and reasons for re-admissions between England and the Netherlands. METHODS: We used data from 85 Dutch hospitals (1 355 947 admissions) and 451 English hospitals (5 260 227 admissions) in 2014 (96% of all Dutch hospitals and 100% of all English NHS hospitals). Re-admission data from England and the Netherlands were compared for all hospital patients and for specific diagnosis groups: pneumonia, urinary tract infection, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary atherosclerosis, biliary tract disease, hip fracture and acute myocardial infarction. Re-admissions were categorized using a classification system developed on administrative data. The classification distinguishes between potentially preventable re-admissions and other reasons for re-admission. RESULTS: England had a higher 30-day re-admission rate (adjusted for age and gender) compared to the Netherlands: 11.17% (95% CI 11.14-11.20%) vs. 9.83% (95% CI 9.77-9.88%). The main differences appeared to be in re-admissions for the elderly (England 17.2% vs. the Netherlands 10.0%) and in emergency re-admissions (England 85.3% of all 30-day re-admissions vs. the Netherlands 66.8%). In the Netherlands, however, more emergency re-admissions were classified as potentially preventable compared to England (33.8% vs. 28.8%). CONCLUSIONS: The differences found between England and the Netherlands indicate opportunities to reduce unnecessary re-admissions. For England this concerns more expanded palliative care, integrated social care and reduction of waiting times. In the Netherlands, the use of treatment plans for daily life could be increased.
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