Self-approach tendencies: Relations with explicit and implicit self-evaluations
Number of pages
SourceFrontiers in Psychology, 10, (2019), article 309
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI SCP
SW OZ BSI KLP
Frontiers in Psychology
SubjectBehaviour Change and Well-being; Experimental Psychopathology and Treatment
We used a newly developed Self-Approach-Avoidance Task to measure self-approach tendencies in female students. In this task, participants use a joystick to pull portraits of themselves and of others closer or to push them away. In three studies, we found a significant self-approach tendency: Participants were faster to pull mirror-imaged portraits of themselves closer than to push them away. This approach tendency was reduced for non-mirrored self-portraits, and absent for control pictures showing unknown males, unknown females, or empty backgrounds. Moreover, in two out of the three studies, the self-approach tendency was weakly related to explicit self-esteem measured with the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and in one out of two studies, it was related to implicit self-esteem measured with the Implicit Association Task. Implications and potential applications of the findings are discussed.
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