Trigger-happy resident memory CD4(+) T cells inhabit the human lungs
SourceMucosal Immunology, 11, 3, (2018), pp. 654-667
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 9: Rare cancers RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
Resident memory T cells (TRM) reside in the lung epithelium and mediate protective immunity against respiratory pathogens. Although lung CD8(+) TRM have been extensively characterized, the properties of CD4(+) TRM remain unclear. Here we determined the transcriptional signature of CD4(+) TRM, identified by the expression of CD103, retrieved from human lung resection material. Various tissue homing molecules were specifically upregulated on CD4(+) TRM, whereas expression of tissue egress and lymph node homing molecules were low. CD103(+) TRM expressed low levels of T-bet, only a small portion expressed Eomesodermin (Eomes), and although the mRNA levels for Hobit were increased, protein expression was absent. On the other hand, the CD103(+) TRM showed a Notch signature. CD4(+)CD103(+) TRM constitutively expressed high transcript levels of numerous cytotoxic mediators that was functionally reflected by a fast recall response, magnitude of cytokine production, and a high degree of polyfunctionality. Interestingly, the superior cytokine production appears to be because of an accessible interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) locus and was partially because of rapid translation of preformed mRNA. Our studies provide a molecular understanding of the maintenance and potential function of CD4(+) TRM in the human lung. Understanding the specific properties of CD4(+) TRM is required to rationally improve vaccine design.
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