The immune cell infiltrate in the microenvironment of vulvar Paget disease.
SourceGynecologic Oncology, 151, 3, (2018), pp. 453-459
01 december 2018
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 17: Women's cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 17: Women's cancers RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive vulvar Paget disease (VPD) is a rare skin disorder mainly affecting elderly women. Recently, the immune modulator imiquimod was reported as an effective treatment option. Knowledge about the immune microenvironment of VPD is lacking. METHODS: This study investigates the basic characteristics of the immune infiltrate in VPD (n=10); moreover the influence of imiquimod was studied (n=6). Immunohistochemistry for CD4, CD8, CD14, CD20, CD56 and FoxP3 was performed. The infiltrates of VPD were compared to vulvar high-grade squamous cell intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) (n=43), a HPV induced vulvar premalignancy with known response to imiquimod cream, and healthy controls (n=30). Immune cell counts in samples taken before and after treatment were compared. RESULTS: The microenvironment in VPD differs from the healthy vulvar skin and vulvar HSIL. VPD is characterized by a decrease in immune cells in the epithelium and an abundant number of immune cells in the stroma, consisting predominantly of T cells. The intraepithelial CD8+/Foxp3+ ratio and number of CD56+ increased after imiquimod therapy, whereas the numbers of CD14+ cells decreased which may point to a treatment-induced type 1 immune response. CONCLUSIONS: The epithelium in VPD contains less immune cells, but a dense stromal immune infiltrate. Changes in immune cell counts after immune modulation in relation to clinical responses should be further investigated.
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