Early warning signals for critical transitions in cardiopulmonary health, related to air pollution in an urban Chinese population
until further notice
SourceEnvironment International, 121, Pt 1, (2018), pp. 240-249
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
iss. Pt 1
SubjectRadboudumc 1: Alzheimer`s disease DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
Respiratory, and cardio-cerebrovascular health-related diseases significantly threaten human health and together with air pollution form a complex pathophysiological system. Other complex biological systems show that increased variance and autocorrelations in time series may act as valid early warning signals for critical transitions. On population level, we determined the likelihood that increased variance and autocorrelation of hospital visit on cardiopulmonary disease preceded critical transitions in population health by human-pollution interactions. We investigated long-term hospital visits from a hospital in Nanjing City, China during 2006-2016 for the most important cardiopulmonary diseases likely to be influenced by air pollution: cerebrovascular accident disease (CVAD), coronary artery disease (CAD), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer disease (LCD), and the grouped categories of respiratory system disease (RESD) and cardio-cerebrovascular system disease (CCD). The time series of standard deviations (SDs) and autocorrelation at-lag-1 (AR-1) were studied as potential Early-Warning Indicators (EWIs) of transitions in population health. Elevated SDs provided an early warning for critical transitions in visit for LCD and overall CCD and CVAD, for the period of 2012-2013, after which a real transition of increased visit occurred for these disease categories. Statistical testing showed that these SDs were significantly increased (p<0.1). The long-term air pollution together with intermittent pollution episodes may have triggered critical transitions in population health for cardiopulmonary disease. It is recommended to consider significant increases in variability in time series of relevant system parameters, such as visit, as early warning signs for future transitions in populations' health states.
This item appears in the following Collection(s)
- Academic publications 
- Electronic publications 
- Faculty of Medical Sciences 
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.