Cue predictability does not modulate bottom-up attentional capture
Number of pages
SourceRoyal Society Open Science, 5, 10, (2018), article 180524
Article / Letter to editor
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PI Group Predictive Brain
PI Group Decision Neuroscience
Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging
SW OZ DCC CO
Royal Society Open Science
Subject180 000 Predictive Brain; Action, intention, and motor control; All institutes and research themes of the Radboud University Medical Center; DI-BCB_DCC_Theme 2: Perception, Action and Control; Radboudumc 13: Stress-related disorders DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
Attention can be involuntarily captured by physically salient stimuli, a phenomenon known as bottom-up attention. Typically, these salient stimuli occur unpredictably in time and space. Therefore, in a series of three behavioural experiments, we investigated the extent to which such bottom-up attentional capture is a function of one's prior expectations. In the context of an exogenous cueing task, we systematically manipulated participants' spatial (Experiment 1) or temporal (Experiments 2 and 3) expectations about an uninformative cue and examined the amount of attentional capture by the cue. We anticipated larger attentional capture for unexpected compared to expected cues. However, while we observed attentional capture, we did not find any evidence for a modulation of attentional capture by prior expectation. This suggests that bottom-up attentional capture does not appear modulated by the degree to which the cue is expected or surprising.
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