Intravital microscopy of collective invasion plasticity in breast cancer
SourceDisease Models & Mechanisms, 11, 9, (2018), article UNSP dmm034330
Article / Letter to editor
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Cell Biology (UMC)
Disease Models & Mechanisms
SubjectMolecular Biology; Radboudumc 17: Women's cancers RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 2: Cancer development and immune defence RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
Cancer invasion programs are adaptive by switching between metastatic collective and single-cell dissemination; however, current intravital microscopy models for epithelial cancer in mice fail to reliably recreate such invasion plasticity. Using microimplantation of breast cancer spheroids into the murine mammary fat pad and live-cell monitoring, we show microenvironmental conditions and cytoskeletal adaptation during collective to single-cell transition in vivo E-cadherin-expressing 4T1 and E-cadherin-negative MMT tumors both initiated collective invasion along stromal structures, reflecting invasion patterns in 3D organotypic culture and human primary ductal and lobular carcinoma. Collectively invading cells developed weakly oscillatory actin dynamics, yet provided zones for single-cell transitions with accentuated, more chaotic actin fluctuations. This identifies collective invasion in vivo as a dynamic niche and efficient source for single-cell release.
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