Using the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test in L2 children and adolescents: Effects of L1
Number of pages
SourceInternational Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 24, 4, (2021), pp. 546-568
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC PL
Engelse Taal en Cultuur
International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
SubjectCognitive aspects of Multilingualism; How early foreign language education influences pupils’ linguistic and cognitive development. A comparison between monolingual, “VVTO”, and early bilingual primary-school pupils; Language & Communication; Language Variation in 4D; Psycholinguistics; Speech Comprehension; Variation and Distance; We learn from our mistakes – or do we? Towards more efficient use of talking and listening experience in a second language (Vidi)
This study investigated to what extent the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT-4) is a reliable tool for measuring vocabulary knowledge of English as a second language (L2), and to what extent L1 characteristics affect test outcomes. The PPVT-4 was administered to Dutch pupils in six different age groups (4-15 years old) who were or were not following an English educational programme at school. Our first finding was that the PPVT-4 was not a reliable measure for pupils who were correct on maximally 24 items, but it was reliable for pupils who performed better. Second, both primary-school and secondary-school pupils performed better on items for which the phonological similarity between the English word and its Dutch translation was higher. Third, young unexperienced L2 learners' scores were predicted by Dutch lexical frequency, while older more experienced pupils' scores were predicted by English frequency. These findings indicate that the PPVT may be inappropriate for use with L2 learners with limited L2 proficiency. Furthermore, comparisons of PPVT scores across learners with different L1s are confounded by effects of L1 frequency and L1-L2 similarity. The PPVT-4 is however a suitable measure to compare more proficient L2 learners who have the same L1.
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