Adjunctive interferon-gamma immunotherapy in a pediatric case of Aspergillus terreus infection
SourceEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 37, 10, (2018), pp. 1915-1922
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
Aspergillus terreus causes invasive aspergillosis (IA) in immunocompromised patients. Treatment is complicated by intrinsic resistance to amphotericin B and thereby contributing to a high mortality. Therefore, we conducted in vitro studies to investigate the effectivity of adjunctive recombinant interferon-gamma immunotherapy. We describe a pediatric patient with A. terreus IA who received adjunctive recombinant interferon-gamma (rIFNgamma) immunotherapy. In vitro studies were conducted to investigate the capacity of rIFNgamma to improve antifungal host defense in terms of fungal killing ability and the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines in cells of the patient as well as healthy controls. An 8-year-old female pediatric patient with leukemia developed A. terreus IA. She clinically deteriorated and had high serum galactomannan levels despite broad antifungal therapy. Therefore, adjunctive immune stimulatory therapy with rIFNgamma was initiated. After 3 weeks of treatment, galactomannan levels decreased and the patient clinically showed improvement. Addition of rIFNgamma boosted the capacity of monocytes of healthy volunteers to mount TNFalpha and IL-1beta cytokine responses to Escherichia coli LPS, and increased TNFalpha response to both A. terreus and Aspergillus fumigatus. Monocytes isolated from the patient's blood demonstrated a similar augmented cytokine induction in response to rIFNgamma. In addition, rIFNgamma increased the capacity of monocytes from healthy volunteers as well as monocytes from the patient to kill A. terreus spores. Adjuvant immunotherapy with rIFNgamma might be a promising additional treatment strategy that could be used to improve outcome in patients with refractory invasive A. terreus infections or other resistant invasive Aspergillus infections.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) tolog in with SURFconextto upload a file for processing by the repository team.