Changes in T2 relaxation time as a biomarker of aggravation of absence epilepsy in rats
[S.l.] : [S.n.]
In11th FENS Forum of Neuroscince 2018, pp. C059
11th FENS Forum of Neuroscience 2018, Berlin, Germany, 7-11 July 2018
Article in monograph or in proceedings
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SW OZ DCC SMN
11th FENS Forum of Neuroscince 2018
SubjectAction, intention, and motor control; DI-BCB_DCC_Theme 2: Perception, Action and Control
Purpose: It was examined whether PTZ kindling at early postnatal age influences the development of absence epilepsy and induces structural changes in brains of WAG/Rij rats. Methods: 25 days old WAG/Rij's (6 F, 7 M) were treated with a subconvulsive dose of PTZ (35 mg/kg) every other day (max. 30 injection). Seizure intensity was observed and rats were considered kindled when seizures (stage 4 and 5) occurred after three consecutive PTZ injections. Controls (6 F, 6 M WAG/Rij) received saline. MRI was performed at the age of 3 (pre-symptomatic) and 6 month (symptomatic WAG/Rij's). T2-relaxation time was evaluated in the hippocampus, thalamus, amygdala and somatosensory, piriform, retrosplenial and entorhinal cortex. EEG was recorded at 6 months by chronically implanted frontal electrodes, mean duration and number of SWDs were evaluated. Results: At 3 month, a significant increase in T2 relaxation time in the somatosensory cortex for females was observed compared to female controls, this was no longer found at 6 month. A significant increase of the duration of SWDs was found in the female kindled rats compared to the female controls. Conclusion: It is suggested that an increase in T2 relaxation time in the somatosensory cortex in pre-symptomatic period can serve as a biomarker of the aggravation of absence epilepsy in female rats at a later age. It is speculated that the higher sensitivity in female kindled rats might be due to the interaction between stress induced by kindling and higher levels of glucocorticoids in female versus male rats.
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