Evaluation of anesthesia in endoscopic strip craniectomy: A review of 121 patients
SourcePaediatric Anaesthesia, 28, 7, (2018), pp. 647-653
Article / Letter to editor
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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 18: Healthcare improvement science RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 7: Neurodevelopmental disorders DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate pre-, intra-, and postoperative anesthetic parameters in endoscopic strip craniectomy in order to improve anesthesiological care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective patient cohort study of our first 121 patients treated by endoscopic strip craniectomy. Preoperative as well as intra- and postoperative anesthesiological and neurological parameters were analyzed. Furthermore, the need for intensive care unit admission, blood loss, and blood transfusion rate were measured. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 3.9 months (standard deviation = 1) at a mean weight of 6.3 kg (standard deviation = 1.3). Comorbidity was registered in 13 (11%) patients of which 5 had syndrome-related comorbidities. Mean duration of anesthesia was 131 minutes (standard deviation = 32) . One hundred and sixteen patients were induced by mask induction with sevoflurane and 5 patients were induced intravenously. In 10 patients, mild intraoperative hypothermia (between 35 and 36 degrees Celsius) occurred. The mean estimated blood loss was 35.4 mL (standard deviation = 28.9) and blood transfusion rate was 21.5%. Brief and small intraoperative oxygen saturation drops were common during this study. No indication for venous air embolism was found based on endtidal CO2 . Postoperative temperature above 38 degrees Celsius occurred 16 times and benign deviations in postoperative cardiopulmonary parameters occurred in 17 patients. Postoperative pain management was mainly established by paracetamol and low-dose morphine when necessary. No postoperative neurological symptoms were reported and no deaths occurred. CONCLUSION: These patients had a relatively short intraoperative course with stable vital parameters during surgery. We report a low incidence of significant venous air embolism, a blood transfusion rate of 21% and only minor perioperative disturbances in vital parameters.
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