Is There an Optimal Ischemic-Preconditioning Dose to Improve Cycling Performance?
SourceInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 13, 3, (2018), pp. 274-282
Article / Letter to editor
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International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
INTRODUCTION: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) may enhance endurance performance. No previous study has directly compared distinct IPC protocols for optimal benefit. PURPOSE: To determine whether a specific IPC protocol (ie, number of cycles, amount of muscle tissue, and local vs remote occlusion) elicits greater performance outcomes. METHODS: Twelve cyclists performed 5 different IPC protocols 30 min before a blinded 375-kJ cycling time trial (TT) in a laboratory. Responses to traditional IPC (4 x 5-min legs) were compared with those to 8 x 5-min legs and sham (dose cycles), 4 x 5-min unilateral legs (dose tissue), and 4 x 5-min arms (remote). Rating of perceived exertion and blood lactate were recorded at each 25% TT completion. Power (W), heart rate (beats/min), and oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) (mL . kg(-1) . min(-1)) were measured continuously throughout TTs. Magnitude-based-inference statistics were employed to compare variable differences to the minimal practically important difference. RESULTS: Traditional IPC was associated with a 17-s (0, 34) faster TT time than sham. Applying more dose cycles (8 x 5 min) had no impact on performance. Traditional IPC was associated with likely trivial higher blood lactate and possibly beneficial lower [Formula: see text] responses vs sham. Unilateral IPC was associated with 18-s (-11, 48) slower performance than bilateral (dose tissue). TT times after remote and local IPC were not different (0 [-16, 16] s). CONCLUSION: The traditional 4 x 5-min (local or remote) IPC stimulus resulted in the fastest TT time compared with sham; there was no benefit of applying a greater number of cycles or employing unilateral IPC.
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