Influence of x-ray direction on measuring shortening of the fractured clavicle
SourceJournal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, 27, 7, (2018), pp. 1251-1257
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: Midshaft clavicle fractures are often associated with a certain degree of shortening. There is great variety in the imaging techniques and methods to quantify this shortening. This study aims to quantify the difference in measurements of shortening and length of fracture elements between 5 views of the fractured clavicle. Furthermore, the interobserver and intraobserver agreement between these views using a standardized method is evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Digitally reconstructed radiographs were created for 40 computed tomography datasets in the anteroposterior (AP), 15 degrees and 30 degrees craniocaudal, and 15 degrees and 30 degrees caudocranial views. A standardized method for measuring the length of fracture elements and the amount of shortening was used. Interobserver and intraobserver agreement for each of the 5 views was calculated. RESULTS: The interobserver and intraobserver agreement was excellent for all 5 views, with all intraclass correlation coefficient values greater than 0.75. The measured differences in relative and absolute shortening between views were statistically significant between the 30 degrees caudocranial view and all other views. The increase in median shortening measured between the commonly used 30 degrees caudocranial view (2.7 mm) and the AP view (8.5 mm) was 5.8 mm (P < .001). The relative median shortening between these views increased by 3.5% (P < .001). CONCLUSION: The length of fracture elements and the amount of shortening in the fractured clavicle can be reliably measured using a standardized method. The increase in absolute and relative shortening when comparing the caudocranial measurements with the AP and craniocaudal measurements may indicate that the AP and craniocaudal views provide a more accurate representation of the degree of shortening.
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