Intradermal injection of low dose human regulatory T cells inhibits skin inflammation in a humanized mouse model
SourceScientific Reports, 8, (2018), article 10044
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 5: Inflammatory diseases RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
Recent regulatory T cell (Treg) based clinical trials support their therapeutic potential in transplantation and auto-inflammatory diseases. However, large numbers of Treg are needed to accomplish therapeutic efficacy. Local injection at the site of inflammation (targeted delivery) may lower the numbers needed for therapy. We evaluated if local delivery of low numbers of human Treg by intradermal injection was able to prevent skin inflammation, using the humanized mouse huPBL-SCID-huSkin allograft model. A dose of only 1 x 10(5) freshly isolated, non expanded Treg injected intradermally in close proximity to the transplanted human skin prevented inflammation of the grafted tissue induced by 4 x 10(7) IP injected human allogeneic PBMCs, (ratio Treg:PBMC = 1:400), as indicated by the inhibition of epidermal thickening, sustained Keratin-10 expression, the absence of Keratin-16 up regulation and prevention of human CD3+ T cell influx. A concomitant reduction of human T cells was observed in lymph nodes and spleen of the mice. Injection of Treg at the contralateral side was also shown to inhibit skin inflammation, suggesting that the inflammatory response was regulated both locally and systemically. In conclusion, local application of Treg may be an attractive way to suppress inflammation in vivo without the need for prior ex vivo expansion.
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