Children with severe acute asthma admitted to Dutch PICUs: A changing landscape
SourcePediatric Pulmonology, 53, 7, (2018), pp. 857-865
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
The number of children requiring pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission for severe acute asthma (SAA) around the world has increased. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether this trend in SAA PICU admissions is present in the Netherlands. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective cohort study across all tertiary care PICUs in the Netherlands. Inclusion criteria were children (2-18 years) hospitalized for SAA between 2003 and 2013. Data included demographic data, asthma diagnosis, treatment, and mortality. RESULTS: In the 11-year study period 590 children (660 admissions) were admitted to a PICU with a threefold increase in the number of admissions per year over time. The severity of SAA seemed unchanged, based on the first blood gas, length of stay and mortality rate (0.6%). More children received highflow nasal cannula (P < 0.001) and fewer children needed invasive ventilation (P < 0.001). In 58% of the patients the maximal intravenous (IV) salbutamol infusion rate during PICU admission was 1 mcg/kg/min. However, the number of patients treated with IV salbutamol in the referring hospitals increased significantly over time (P = 0.005). The proportion of steroid-naive patients increased from 35% to 54% (P = 0.004), with a significant increase in both age groups (2-4 years [P = 0.026] and 5-17 years [P = 0.036]). CONCLUSIONS: The number of children requiring PICU admission for SAA in the Netherlands has increased. We speculate that this threefold increase is explained by an increasing number of steroid-naive children, in conjunction with a lowered threshold for PICU admission, possibly caused by earlier use of salbutamol IV in the referring hospitals.
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