Drug Susceptibility Profiling and Genetic Determinants of Drug Resistance in Mycobacterium kansasii
SourceAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 62, 4, (2018), pp. |, article e01788-17
Article / Letter to editor
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Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
SubjectRadboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
Very few studies have examined drug susceptibility of Mycobacterium kansasii, and they involve a limited number of strains. The purpose of this study was to determine drug susceptibility profiles of M. kansasii isolates representing a spectrum of species genotypes (subtypes) with two different methodologies, i.e., broth microdilution and Etest assays. To confirm drug resistance, drug target genes were sequenced. A collection of 85 M. kansasii isolates, including representatives of eight different subtypes (I to VI, I/II, and IIB) from eight countries, was used. Drug susceptibility against 13 and 8 antimycobacterial agents was tested by using broth microdilution and Etest, respectively. For drug-resistant or high-MIC isolates, eight structural genes (rrl, katG, inhA, embB, rrs, rpsL, gyrA, and gyrB) and one regulatory region (embCA) were PCR amplified and sequenced in the search for resistance-associated mutations. All isolates tested were susceptible to rifampin (RIF), amikacin (AMK), co-trimoxazole (SXT), rifabutin (RFB), moxifloxacin (MXF), and linezolid (LZD) according to the microdilution method. Resistance to ethambutol (EMB), ciprofloxacin (CIP), and clarithromycin (CLR) was found in 83 (97.7%), 17 (20%), and 1 (1.2%) isolate, respectively. The calculated concordance between the Etest and dilution method was 22.6% for AMK, 4.8% for streptomycin (STR), 3.2% for CLR, and 1.6% for RIF. For EMB, INH, and SXT, not even a single MIC value determined by one method equaled that by the second method. The only mutations disclosed were A2266C transversion at the rrl gene (CLR-resistant strain) and A128G transition at the rpsL gene (strain with STR MIC of >64 mg/liter). In conclusion, eight drugs, including RIF, CLR, AMK, SXT, RFB, MXF, LZD, and ethionamide (ETO), showed high in vitro activity against M. kansasii isolates. Discrepancies of the results between the reference microdilution method and Etest preclude the use of the latter for drug susceptibility determination in M. kansasii Drug resistance in M. kansasii may have different genetic determinants than resistance to the same drugs in M. tuberculosis.
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