Predictors of severe stenosis at invasive coronary angiography in patients with normal myocardial perfusion imaging
SourceNetherlands Heart Journal, 26, 4, (2018), pp. 192-202
Article / Letter to editor
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Netherlands Heart Journal
SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
PURPOSE: Normal myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is associated with excellent prognosis. However, in patients with persisting symptoms, it may be difficult to determine the patients in whom invasive angiography is justified to rule out false negative MPI. We evaluated predictors for severe stenosis at invasive angiography in patients with persisting symptoms after normal MPI. METHODS: 229 consecutive patients with normal MPI, without previous bypass surgery, underwent invasive angiography within 6 months. Older age was defined as >65 years. Multivariable analyses were performed to adjust for differences in baseline variables. RESULTS: Mean age was 62+/- 11 years, 48% were women. Severe stenosis was observed in 34%, and of these patients 60% had single-vessel disease (not left main coronary artery disease). After adjusting for several variables, including diabetes, smoking status, hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia, predictors of severe stenosis were male gender, odds ratio (OR) 2.7 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5-4.9), older age, OR 1.9 (95% CI 1.02-3.54) previous PCI, OR 2.0 (95% CI 1.0-4.3) and typical angina, OR 2.5 (95% CI 1.4-4.6). CONCLUSIONS: Increasing age, male gender, previous PCI and typical symptoms are predictors of severe stenosis at invasive coronary angiography in patients with normal MPI. The majority of these patients have single-vessel disease.
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